Mac OS X keyboard shortcuts

Mac OS X keyboard shortcuts

Keystroke Description
Press X during startup Force Mac OS X startup
Press Option-Command-Shift-Delete
during startup
Bypass primary startup volume and seek a different startup volume (such as a CD or external disk)
Press C during startup Start up from a CD that has a system folder
Press N during startup Attempt to start up from a compatible network server (NetBoot)
Press T during startup Start up in FireWire Target Disk mode
Press Shift during startup start
up in Safe Boot mode and temporarily disable login items and
non-essential kernel extension files (Mac OS X 10.2 and later)
Press Command-V during startup Start up in Verbose mode.
Press Command-S during startup Start up in Single-User mode


Finder window
Keyboard shortcut Description
Command-W Close Window
Option-Command-W Close all Windows
Command-Right Arrow Expand folder (list view)
Option-Command-Right Arrow Expand folder and nested subfolders (list view)
Command-Left Arrow Collapse Folder (list view)
Option-Command-Up Arrow Open parent folder and close current window
(Assigned in Keyboard & Mouse preferences) Show
Package Contents (of selected file in Mac OS X 10.5 or later only). To
create this contextual menu shortcut, open Keyboard & Mouse
preferences in Mac OS X 10.5, click Keyboard Shortcuts, click the “+”
button, choose as the Application, and type “Show Package
Contents” (exactly), and set whichever shortcut you want, such as


Menu commands
Keyboard shortcut Description
Shift-Command-Q Apple Menu
     Log out
Shift-Option-Command-Q Apple Menu
     Log out immediately
Shift-Command-Delete Finder Menu
     Empty Trash
Option-Shift-Command-Delete Finder Menu
     Empty Trash without dialog
Command-H Finder Menu
     Hide Finder
Option-Command-H Finder Menu
     Hide Others
Command-N File Menu
     New Finder window
Shift-Command-N File Menu
     New Folder
Command-O File Menu
Command-S File Menu
Shift-Command-S File Menu
     Save as
Command-P File Menu
Command-W File Menu
     Close Window
Option-Command-W File Menu
     Close all Windows
Command-I File Menu
     Get Info
Option-Command-I File Menu
     Show Attributes Inspector
Command-D File Menu
Command-L File Menu
     Make Alias
Command-R File Menu
     Show original
Command-T File Menu
     Add to Favorites (Mac OS X 10.2.8 or earlier), Add to Sidebar (Mac
OS X 10.3 or later—use Shift-Command-T for Add to Favorites)
Command-Delete File Menu
     Move to Trash
Command-E File Menu
Command-F File Menu
Command-Z Edit Menu
Command-X Edit Menu
Command-C Edit Menu
Command-V Edit Menu
Command-A Edit Menu
     Select All
Command-1 View Menu
     View as Icons
Command-2 View Menu
     View as List
Command-3 View Menu
     View as Columns
Command-B View Menu
     Hide Toolbar
Command-J View Menu
     Show View Options
Command – [ Go Menu
Command – ] Go Menu
Shift-Command-C Go Menu
Shift-Command-H Go Menu
Shift-Command-I Go Menu
Shift-Command-A Go Menu
Shift-Command-F Go Menu
Shift-Command-G Go Menu
     Goto Folder
Command-K Go Menu
     Connect to Server
Command-M Window Menu
     Minimize Window
Option-Command-M Window Menu
     Minimize All Windows
Command-? Help Menu
     Open Mac Help
Command-Space Open Spotlight (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
Command-esc Front Row
     Activates Front Row for certain Apple computers


Universal Access and VoiceOver
Keyboard shortcut Description
Option-Command-8 Turn on Zoom
Option-Command-+ (plus) Zoom in
Option-Command– (minus) Zoom out
Control-Option-Command-8 Switch to White on Black
Control-F1 Turn on Full Keyboard Access
When Full Keyboard Access is turned on, you can use the key combinations listed in the table below from the Finder.
Control-F2 Full Keyboard Access
     Highlight Menu
Control-F3 Full Keyboard Access
     Highlight Dock
Control-F4 Full Keyboard Access
     Highlight Window (active) or next window behind it
Control-F5 Full Keyboard Access
     Highlight Toolbar
Control-F6 Full Keyboard Access
     Highlight Utility window (palette)
Command-F5 or fn-Command-F5 Turn VoiceOver on or off (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
Control-Option-F8 or fn-Control-Option-F8 Open VoiceOver Utility (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
Control-Option-F7 or fn-Control-option-F7 Display VoiceOver menu (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
or fn-Control-option-;
Enable/disable VoiceOver Control-Option lock (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)


The Universal Access preference pane allows you to turn on Mouse
Keys. When Mouse Keys is on, you can use the numeric keypad to move the
mouse. If your computer doesn’t have a numeric keypad, use the Fn
(function) key.


Mouse Keys
Keystroke Description
8 Move Up
2 Move Down
4 Move Left
6 Move Right
1, 3, 7, and 9 Move Diagonally
5 Press Mouse Button
0 Hold Mouse Button
. (period on keypad) Release Mouse Button (use after pressing 0)



Other Commands
Keystroke Description
Option-Command-D Show/Hide Dock
Command-Tab Switch application
tab Highlight next item
Command-Up Arrow Move up one directory
Command-Down Arrow Move down one directory
Page Up or Control-Up Arrow Move up one page
Page Down or Control-Down Arrow Move down one page
Option-Drag Copy to new location
Option-Command-Drag Make alias in new location
Command-Drag Move to new location without copying
Shift-Command-C Show Colors palette in application
Command-T Show Font palette in application
Command-Shift-3 Take a picture of the screen
Command-Shift-4 Take a picture of the selection
Command-Shift-4, then press Control while selecting Take a picture of the screen, place in Clipboard
Command-Shift-4, then Spacebar Take a picture of the selected window
Option-Command-esc Force Quit
Control-Eject Restart, Sleep, Shutdown dialog box
Control-Command-Eject Quit all applications and restart
Option-Command-Eject or
Command-click window toolbar button (upper right corner) Cycle through available views for the window’s toolbar (dependant on the nature of the Finder or application window)
Command-` Cycle through windows in application or Finder (if more than one window is open)
Function-Delete (portables only–PowerBook, iBook, MacBook, MacBook Pro) Forward Delete (delete the character to the right of your cursor)

Syncplicity opens up its Mac beta

Syncplicity opens up its Mac beta: “

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The Boy Genius Report has reported on the latest cloud storage solution to grace the Mac world. Syncplicity, which currently exists for Windows, has opened up its beta version for the Mac.

Syncplicity, free for 2GB of storage and syncing between two computers and $9.99 a month ($99 a year) USD for syncing among an unlimited number of computers and 50GB of storage, mirrors any folder on your system with its online sibling in the ‘cloud.’ Unlike MobileMe, where items to be synced must be contained within your iDisk, any folder on your hard drive can be synced by right-clicking it and selecting it from a menu — really nice if you need to get a subfolder of a subfolder online. As soon as that folder is updated, so is the remote one.

Another touted feature is the ability to access those folders from a browser on any computer, including your cell phone.

The Syncplicity beta is an Intel-only program and requires OSX 10.5.

Syncplicity joins a crowded field that just doesn’t include MobileMe: Zumodrive, Dropbox and SugarSync are out there as well, all willing to do battle for customers who are growing increasingly dissatisfied with Apple’s offering to the point that they are considering alternatives.

Have you tried out the private beta for Syncplicity? What other cloud storage solution do you use? Let us know in the comments! Meanwhile, we’ll start looking at Syncplicity on our end and present you with a full look at the beta in the next few days.

Continue reading Syncplicity opens up its Mac beta

TUAWSyncplicity opens up its Mac beta originally appeared on The Unofficial Apple Weblog (TUAW) on Mon, 02 Feb 2009 15:30:00 EST. Please see our terms for use of feeds.

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(Via The Unofficial Apple Weblog (TUAW).)

10.5: Easy full-screen QuickLook ‘Index Sheet’ view

10.5: Easy full-screen QuickLook ‘Index Sheet’ view: “I really like QuickLook’s Index Sheet view. I often find myself selecting everything in an image folder (Command-A), going straight into full-screen QuickLook (Command-Option-Y), and then clicking the Index Sheet button. So I wrote a simple AppleScript program to stick in the Finder’s toolbar to simplify the process.

It essentially just does a Command-A and then a Command-Option-Y (you have to still click the Index Sheet button yourself), but it’s better than nothing. The project is hosted on Google Code (quicklook-fullscreen-gallery), and I welcome any help with making it even simpler.

By following these steps, you can make this program from scratch yourself, without downloading anything. First create the script. Open Script Editor (in Applications » AppleScript), and enter the following script. (This is…

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Macworld 2009: Pinger Phone

Macworld 2009: Pinger Phone: “

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I had a quick chat with the folks from Pinger Phone while we were at Macworld 2009. I hadn’t heard of it previously, and it turned out to be exactly what I needed to bring together my various forms of communication. It’s an iPhone/iPod touch app that provides a contact list combining email, phone, SMS and IM info for all of your contacts. One of the neatest features of the app is its ability to handle text-to-IM chats, which I find useful because I have terrible AT&T coverage around my house; it lets me carry on a text-message conversation using just my wi-fi connection.

Pinger Phone lets you stay online with various IM services, and can notify you of incoming messages as long as the app is open. It also supports (requires, actually) horizontal keyboard mode in text and IM chats, and interfaces well with the phone and email capabilities of the iPhone. The ‘Contacts’ view allows for as-you-type searching of your consolidated contact list (very speedy). iPod touch users can enter any mobile phone number to be notified of incoming messages from a text-to-IM chat.

Read on to see the video from Macworld, and check the support page for more info. If it sounds like something you’ve been looking for, you can grab it for FREE in the App Store.

Continue reading Macworld 2009: Pinger Phone

TUAWMacworld 2009: Pinger Phone originally appeared on The Unofficial Apple Weblog (TUAW) on Mon, 02 Feb 2009 11:00:00 EST. Please see our terms for use of feeds.

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(Via The Unofficial Apple Weblog (TUAW).) – Find ‘non-findable’ files

Ever had trouble locating that httpd.conf file?
Spotlight is of no help there. I’ve just released a free app called FindAnyFile that can help with this, as it can find any file on local Mac discs. It doesn’t rely on a database like the locate command and Spotlight do, but instead uses the Mac OS operations for searching an entire disk on demand. Furthermore, it can run as root user (provided you know the admin password), allowing it find really any file existing on the disk.If you end up with 100s of hits, you’ll appreciate the new Folder View which shows you a hierarchical list of the folders in which the found items appear. Finally, you can save your searches and reopen them later again for convenience.[robg adds: I tested this, and it worked quite well for finding those deeply-buried files that are ignored by Spotlight, or not found due to an out-of-date locate database. Since it’s a free app, I felt it worth sharing here.] – Find ‘non-findable’ files